Clinical Psychology is a branch of Psychology. The subject focuses on the assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders.
The specialised discipline mainly deals with the psychoanalytic approaches or child and adolescent treatment modalities.
Eligibility Criteria to Study Clinical Psychology?
Clinical Psychology as a subject can be pursued at post graduate level for a duration of 2 years.
Candidates who have passed three years Bachelor Degree with Psychology as a subject are eligible to pursue the course.
Various universities and institutions across the country offer post graduate, Ph.D and M.Phil programme. Diploma and certificate courses are also offered at several institutes.
Scope and Career in Clinical Psychology:
Professionals in this field are called as clinical psychologists. Clinical psychologists work for medical organisations and they are not doctors.
Clinical psychologists provide psychotherapy, psychological testing, and diagnosis of mental illness. Psychologists are generally trained within four primary theoretical orientations, psychodynamic, humanistic, cognitive-behavioral (CBT), and systems or family therapy.
The subject offer wide range of career opportunities. Clinical psychologists usually work in hospitals, academic institutions, counselling and rehabilitation centers. They can also establish private consultation firms.
The following are ten of the most interesting jobs that graduates could pursue:
The primary role of a clinical psychologist in this position is to meet individually with patients to assess, diagnose, and treat their mental disorders. Clinical psychologists can work from a private practice, setting their own hours and working with as many or as few patients as they seek to take on. Many use cognitive therapy methods in this type of position.
With a graduate degree in clinical psychology, some graduates will choose to stay in an academic setting, teaching others. With a Master's degree, it will usually be possible to find work as a teaching assistant at the university level or as the primary teacher in a high school setting. By going on to earn a PhD, professionals on this career path can open up their teaching possibilities.
Some clinical psychologists will choose to specialize in treating those who are addicted to drugs and alcohol. They may work with groups or individuals as part of an outpatient program or meet with individuals within a hospital setting.
Like those who study counseling psychology, clinical psychologist may enjoy becoming social workers, providing community outreach. There are a number of non-profit and government organizations that are in dire need of qualified clinical psychology graduates to work with their clients.
With an aging population, there is a growing need for clinical psychologists who can work with the elderly. The incidence of mental illness grows with age, and those who are aging also may benefit from therapy that helps them address the unique aspects of growing older.
Clinical psychologists may work in elementary or high schools with students who have problems learning. They can help diagnose disorders such as ADHD and Autism, which can affect a student's ability to learn.
Those who enjoy working with children may wish to specialize in child development, to work with children as a clinical psychologist. Becoming a child mental health specialist is a way to help children work through problems at home and to diagnose mental health issues early enough in life to make a difference.
While some addiction psychologists work in hospitals, others will work in rehabilitation facilities. This position requires the psychologist to work with groups and individuals alike to identify the driving forces behind addiction.
Students going through a transitional time are prone to mental disorders such as depression and anxiety. The symptoms of schizophrenia also typically first appear during this time in a young person's life. Staff member psychologists at universities can help diagnose and treat these problems, to help college students thrive in a new setting.
While some clinical psychologists choose to work with children, others will specialize in the mental disorders that plague adults. This is a generalized position, usually taking place in a setting such as a hospital or private clinic..